Guangzhou Metro is the metro system of the city of Guangzhou in Guangdong Province of China. Line 1 opened in 1997 with five stations in operation. Guangzhou is the China’s first sub-provincial city and provincial capital that has subway and Guangzhou Metro system is the third largest city metro rail transport system.
As of November 2010, Guangzhou Metro has eight lines in operation, namely Line 1, Line 2, Line 3, Line 4, Line 5, Line 8, Guangfo Line and Zhujiang New Town APM. A major portion of the metro system services the urban areas of the city, while Lines 2, 3 and 4 also reach into the suburban areas in Huadu, Baiyun District, Panyu and Nansha; Guangfo Line connects Guangzhou and Foshan and is the first intercity underground metro line in the country.
Guangzhou Metro operates 144 stations, including 14 interchanges stations, and 236 km of tracks. Two new lines, Line 6 and Line 9, and extensions of Line 8 and Guangfo Line are already under construction and expected to be completed between 2013 and 2016. Total operational capacity is scheduled to exceed 600 km by 2020.
Lines in operation
Line 1 was officially started on December 28, 1993. Its first section, from Xilang to Huangsha, opened on 28 June 1997, making Guangzhou the fourth city in Mainland China to have a metro system. The full line started operation two years later on 28 June 1999.
Line 1 runs from Xilang to Guangzhou East Railway Station, with a total length of 18.5. Except Kengkou and Xilang, all stations in Line 1 are underground. The line interchanges with Line 2 at Guangyuanqian, Line 3 at Tiyu Xilu and Guangzhou East Railway Station, and Line 5 at Yangji.
Line 2 is a north-south line that runs from Jiahewanggang to Guangzhou South Railway Station. It interchanges with Line 1 at Gongyuanqian, Line 5 at Guangzhou Railway Station, and Line 8 at Changgang. Until 21 September 2010, it ran from Sanyuanli to Wanshengwei. Its first section, between Sanyuanli and Xiaogang, operated on 29 December 2002. It was extended from Xiaogang to Pazhou on 28 June 2003 and further to Wanshengwei a year later. The section between Xiaogang and Wanshengwei was split off to form part of Line 8 during 22-24 September 2010, when operation was pause. The lastest extension, from Jiangnanxi to Guangzhou South Railway Station and from Sanyuanli to Jiahewanggang. Opened on 25 September 2010 as the whole line resumed operation. The length of the current line is 31.4 km. All station in Line 2 are underground.
Line 3 opened on 26 December 2005, trains operated between Guangzhou East Railway Station and Kecun. Following completion of the Tianhe Coach Terminal-Tiyu Xiu and Kecun-Panyu Square sections, the line was rerouted on 30 December 2006 to offer transfer-free connections between Panyu Square and Tianhe Coach Terminal via Tiyu Xilu. The Guangzhou East Railway Station-Tiyu Xilu section became a shuttle until it was extended northwards to Airport South on 30 October 2010. In official distinctions, the main route consists of the entire Airport South-Panyu Square section, while the Tianhe Coach Terminal-Tiyu Xilu section is a spur line. The spur line will be spilt off in the long term to form part of Line 10.
Line 3 is a 67.3 km Y-shaped line connecting Airport South and Tianhe Coach Terminal to Panyu Square. All stations in the line are underground. The line interchanges with Line 1 at Tiyu Xilu and Guangzhou East Railway Station, Line 5 at Zhujiang New Town, and Line 8 at Kecun.
Line 4 is a north-south line running parallel to Line 2 along the east of the city. It is 43.7 km long with 16 stations. It was the first metro line in mainland China to use linear motor trains. The line interchanges with Line 5 at Chebeinan, and Line 8 at Wanshengwei.
Line 5 (Jiaokou to Wenchong)
Line 5 is 31.9 km long with 13 stations, starting at Jiaokou and runs to Wenchong. It entered operation on 28 December 2009. All stations in the line are underground except Jiaokou and Tanwei. Similarly to Line 4, it also uses linear motor trains. It interchanges with Line 1 at Yangji, Line 2 at Guangzhou Railway Station, Line 3 at Zhujiang New Town, and Line 4 at Chebeinan.
Line 8 runs from Fenghuang to Wenshengwei, the total length is 4.1 km. Current interchange stations along the line are Changgang with Line 2, Kecun with Line 3, and Wanshengwei with Line 4. Extension of Line 8 to cross the Pearl River and reach Cultural Park, an interchange station with Line 6.
The Guangzhou-Foshan Section of Pearl River Delta Region Intercity Rapid Transit(珠江三角洲地区城际快速轨道交通广州至佛山段) is an intercity metro line that connects Guangzhou and Foshan. It is commonly known as Guangfo Metro and Guangfo Line of Guangzhou Metro. The section within Foshan also doubles as Line 1 of FMetro (Foshan Metro). The line is operated by Guangdong Guangfo Inter-City Co., Ltd., a subsidiary co-owned by Guangzhou Metro (51%) and Foshan Metro (49%). The whole line has 32.2 km of tracks and 21 stations, of which 17.4 km of tracks and 10 stations will be located in Guangzhou. The line will interchange with Line 1 at Xilang, Line 2 at Nanzhou, Line 3 at Lijiao, and Line 8 at Shayuan. It will run four-car trains. All the stations are underground.
Zhujiang New Town Automated People Mover System (APM)
The Automated People Mover System of Zhujiang New Town Core District Municipal Traffic Project (珠江新城核心区市政交通项目旅客自动输送系统) is an underground automated people mover that serves the central business district of Zhujiang New Town. It is commonly known as Zhujiang New Town Automated People Mover System or the APM for the short. At a length of 3.9 km, it connects Linhexi and Chigang Pagoda with nine stations on the line. There is no direct platform-to-platform connection between the APM and Line 3 albeit they share the stations of Linhexi and Chigang Pagoda. Transfer passengers need to exit and reenter with a new ticket. The APM runs two-car rubber-wheeled driverless trains.
Some knowledges about Guangzhou metro:
Fares and tickets
Fares of Guangzhou Metro currently range from 2 RMB to 14 RMB. A journey shorter than 4 km costs 2 RMB; 1 RMB is charged for every 4 km after 4 km, every 6 km after 12 km, and every 8 km after 24 km. The fare for the longest possible journey to the exiting station will be
charged if a journey exceeds four hours. Passengers may carry luggage below weight and size limits at no cost or a ¥2 surcharge.
Current ticket types
- Single journey ticket
- Yang Cheng Tong and Lingnan Tong
- Day pass: One-day pass: 20 RMB each and valid for 24 hours; Three-day pass: 50 RMB each and valid for 72 hours
Discontinued ticket types
- Stored value ticket
- Monthly pass: 55 RMB monthly pass for 20 single journeys; 88 RMB monthly pass for 35 single journeys; 115 RMB pass for 50 single journeys
- Student pass and senior citizen pass
- Travel plan
- Bus transfer
- Service hours
- Ticket guidelines
- Safety knowledge
If want to learn more, please click:http://www.gzmtr.com/
Now, in order to facilitate people to take the subway, in 28 December, 2012, Guangzhou Metro officially released APP phone software for free download. People just go to the Apple App Store and Google play and other major electronic markets, or log Guangzhou Metro official website, the official micro-Bo can download the software free of charge.
The information provided by the official APP is very rich, which provides a variety of operational information, including basic lines, site queries, real-time operations announcement, the official micro-blog links, related laws and regulations, safety guidelines, tickets species introductions, user-demand options.
If want to learn more, please click: http://www.gzmtr.com/APP/index.html